Nag Hammadi

Nag Hammadi
A modern town in upper Egypt. It is the nearest town to Chenoboskion, where texts relevant to the early Christian Church were discovered in 1945, two years before the accidental discovery of the first scrolls by the Dead Sea. These twelve papyrus codices are as important for the study of early Christianity as the Qumran scrolls are for Judaism. They are Coptic translations of the original Greek; their literary genres are diverse—sayings, prayers, apocalypses, and epistles—and their theological stances as they wrestle with the problem of evil are also diverse. But notably they (especially the Gospel of Truth) are evidence for a flourishing Christian Gnosticism in the area, though some of the texts are not Christian at all, and in some there is a strong Jewish input. One work, the Valentinian Exposition, is named after the Gnostic teacher Valentinus (a native of Egypt who died in Rome about 165 CE). The codices themselves were probably copied and translated in the 4th cent.
Among the texts is the gospel of Thomas, which gives alternative versions of some of the sayings of Jesus preserved in the canonical gospels, together with new material. Some scholars have recently argued that Thomas is independent of the NT gospels and contains traditions of considerable historical value.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Nag Hammadi — es un pueblo en la ribera del río Nilo en Egipto, donde en el año 320 después de Cristo, San Pacomio fundó el primer monasterio cristiano. En el 367 d.C., los monjes locales copiaron unos 45 escritos religiosos diversos (incluso los evangelios de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nag Hammadi — This article is about the Egyptian settlement. For the cache of Gnostic texts discovered nearby, see Nag Hammadi library. Nag Hammadi …   Wikipedia

  • Nag Hammadi — 26° 03′ 09″ N 32° 14′ 31″ E / 26.0525, 32.2419 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nag Hammadi — Lage von Nag Hammadi Nag Hammadi (arabisch ‏نجع حمادي‎, DMG Naǧʿ Ḥammādī, hocharabisch Nadschʿ Hammadi, ägyptisch arabisch Nagʿ Ḥammādī) ist eine Stadt in Oberägypten, 127 km nördlic …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nag Hammadi — Situación del pueblo de Nag Hammadi, en Egipto. Nag Hammadi (árabe نجع حمادي; transliteración: Naj Hammādi) ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nag Hammadi — Nạg Hammadi,   Stadt in Oberägypten, am linken Nilufer (Eisenbahnbrücke) 170 km südlich von Assiut, 23 400 Einwohner; Marktzentrum, Zuckerraffinerie, Aluminiumhütte; Bewässerungsstaudamm (1928 30 erbaut).   1945/46 wurden bei Nag Hammadi 13… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nag Hammadi — noun 1. a town in Upper Egypt • Instance Hypernyms: ↑town • Part Holonyms: ↑Upper Egypt 2. a collection of 13 ancient papyrus codices translated from Greek into Coptic that were discovered by farmers near the town of Nag Hammadi in 1945; the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nag Hammadi Codex XIII — (designated by siglum NHC XIII) is a papyrus codex with a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts in Coptic (Sahidic dialect). The manuscript is dated to the 4th century.[citation needed] Contents 1 Description 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Nag Hammadi massacre — Location Nag Hammadi, Egypt Date 7 January 2010 Target Coptic Christians Attack type Shooting …   Wikipedia

  • NAG HAMMADI CODICES — NAG HAMMADI CODICES, a collection of Coptic papyrus manuscripts discovered in 1945 in the Egyptian desert near the base of the Gebel et Tarif in the vicinity of Nag Hammadi. The manuscripts, 13 in all, date from the fourth century and comprise a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NAG HAMMADI (BIBLIOTHÈQUE DE) — NAG HAMMADI BIBLIOTHÈQUE DE On désigne sous le nom de bibliothèque de Nag Hammadi un lot de papyrus découverts fortuitement par des paysans égyptiens durant l’hiver 1945 1946. Ces papyrus étaient enfermés dans une jarre, au pied de la falaise du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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